Red

Red remains one of the basic colours of all art, representing blood, land, life & fire – Aboriginal artists use both earth red ochre and modern red colours.

 

Pirlinyanu by Julie Nangala Robinson

Julie Nangala Robinson  |  Pirlinyanu

Jap 017263  |  Limited edition Colour Etching  |  60 x 44 cm

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Bush Plum Dreaming by Polly Ngale

Polly Ngale  |  Bush Plum Dreaming

Jap 018387  |  acrylic on canvas  |  183 x 121

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Bush Plum Dreaming by Belinda Golder Kngwarreye

Belinda Golder Kngwarreye  |  Bush Plum Dreaming

Jap 018572  |  acrylic on canvas  |  146 x 90 cm

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Bush Plum Dreaming by Belinda Golder Kngwarreye

Belinda Golder Kngwarreye  |  Bush Plum Dreaming

Jap 018573  |  acrylic on canvas  |  148 x 90 cm

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Muntati – Grandmothers Country by Gracie Ward Napaltjarri

Gracie Ward Napaltjarri  |  Muntati – Grandmothers Country

Jap 017606  |  acrylic on linen  |  122 x 91 cm

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Piyurr by Biddee Baadjo

Biddee Baadjo  |  Piyurr

Jap 005671  |  acrylic on canvas  |  117 x 96 cm

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Minyma Kutjara by Julie Woods

Julie Woods  |  Minyma Kutjara

Jap 018247  |  acrylic on canvas  |  120 x 90 cm

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Dry River Bed by Kurun Warun

Kurun Warun  |  Dry River Bed

Jap 014894  |  acrylic on linen  |  172 x 48 cm

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Karna Kurlang- Digging Stick Ceremony by Judy Napangardi Martin

Judy Napangardi Martin  |  Karna Kurlang- Digging Stick Ceremony

Jap 000415  |  acrylic on canvas  |  124 x 85 cm

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Minyma Tjukurrpa by Marlene Young Nungurrayi

Marlene Young Nungurrayi  |  Minyma Tjukurrpa

Jap 011896  |  acrylic on linen  |  60 x 46 cm

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Minma Dreaming – Womens Story by Ningura Napurrula

Ningura Napurrula  |  Minma Dreaming – Womens Story

Jap 000820  |  acrylic on linen  |  150 x 125 cm

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Waru Tjukurrpa – Fire Dreaming by Jorna Newberry

Jorna Newberry  |  Waru Tjukurrpa – Fire Dreaming

Jap 012427  |  acrylic on linen  |  150 x 120 cm

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Minyma Kutjara by Elaine Woods

Elaine Woods  |  Minyma Kutjara

Jap 017153  |  acrylic on canvas  |  120 x 90 cm

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Body Paint by Makinti Napanangka

Makinti Napanangka  |  Body Paint

Jap 006176  |  acrylic on linen  |  180 x 120 cm

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Tingari by Walala Tjapaltjarri

Walala Tjapaltjarri  |  Tingari

Jap 012512  |  acrylic on canvas  |  118 x 61 cm

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Gulawana Wandjina by Edna Dale

Edna Dale  |  Gulawana Wandjina

Jap 017568  |  acrylic on canvas  |  45 x 92 cm

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Piyurr by Biddee Baadjo

Biddee Baadjo  |  Piyurr

Jap 006310  |  acrylic on canvas  |  117 x 97 cm

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Country – Fire Series by Kudditji Kngwarreye

Kudditji Kngwarreye  |  Country – Fire Series

Jap 005454  |  acrylic on linen  |  180 x 120 cm

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Tjiturrulpa – Sandhills by Eileen Napaltjarri

Eileen Napaltjarri  |  Tjiturrulpa – Sandhills

Jap 004043  |  acrylic on linen  |  122 x 122 cm

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Tracks by Rosella Namok

Rosella Namok  |  Tracks

Jap 015639  |  acrylic on canvas  |  111 x 86 cm

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Bush Tracks by Rosella Namok

Rosella Namok  |  Bush Tracks

Jap 017915  |  acrylic on canvas  |  110 x 85 cm

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Women’s Ceremony by Judy Napangardi Martin

Judy Napangardi Martin  |  Women’s Ceremony

Jap 000487  |  acrylic on canvas  |  125x85 cm

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Three Sisters by Rosella Namok

Rosella Namok  |  Three Sisters

Jap 017927  |  acrylic on canvas  |  94 x 64 cm

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Minyma Tjukurrpa by Janice & Venita Woods

Janice & Venita Woods  |  Minyma Tjukurrpa

Jap 017154  |  acrylic on canvas  |  120 x 90 cm

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Marrapinti by Lorna Ward Napanangka

Lorna Ward Napanangka  |  Marrapinti

Jap 011693  |  acrylic on linen  |  60 x 46 cm

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Low Tide – Marks in the Sand by Rosella Namok

Rosella Namok  |  Low Tide – Marks in the Sand

Jap 011624  |  acrylic on canvas  |  108 x 88 cm

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Minyma Kutjara by Venita Woods

Venita Woods  |  Minyma Kutjara

Jap 018254  |  acrylic on canvas  |  130 x 90 cm

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Walpa Tjukurpa – Wind Dreaming by Jorna Newberry

Jorna Newberry  |  Walpa Tjukurpa – Wind Dreaming

Jap 008443  |  acrylic on linen  |  120 x 75 cm

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Piyurr by Biddee Baadjo

Biddee Baadjo  |  Piyurr

Jap 005672  |  acrylic on canvas  |  117 x 96 cm

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Ngaminya by Yinarupa Gibson Nangala

Yinarupa Gibson Nangala  |  Ngaminya

Jap 013562  |  acrylic on linen  |  126 x 119 cm

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Minyma Kutjara by Venita Woods

Venita Woods  |  Minyma Kutjara

Jap 018249  |  acrylic on canvas  |  120 x 90 cm

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Warla Country Waterholes by Nada Rawlins

Nada Rawlins  |  Warla Country Waterholes

Jap 006350  |  acrylic on canvas  |  137 x 97 cm

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Five Waterholes from Kirriwirri to Kupangkurlu by Nada Rawlins

Nada Rawlins  |  Five Waterholes from Kirriwirri to Kupangkurlu

Jap 002676  |  acrylic on canvas  |  143 x 103 cm

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Palpatatjara by Ned Grant

Ned Grant  |  Palpatatjara

Jap 017686  |  acrylic on linen  |  137 x 110 cm

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Minyma Kutjara by Elaine Woods

Elaine Woods  |  Minyma Kutjara

Jap 018243  |  acrylic on canvas  |  120 x 90 cm

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Muntati – Grandmother’s Country by Gracie Ward Napaltjarri

Gracie Ward Napaltjarri  |  Muntati – Grandmother’s Country

Jap 017601  |  acrylic on linen  |  183 x 122 cm

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Minyma Kutjara by Julie Woods

Julie Woods  |  Minyma Kutjara

Jap 018253  |  acrylic on canvas  |  130 x 90 cm

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Minyma Kutjara by Julie Woods

Julie Woods  |  Minyma Kutjara

Jap 018229  |  acrylic on canvas  |  98 x 70 cm

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Minyma Kutjara by Julie Woods

Julie Woods  |  Minyma Kutjara

Jap 018226  |  acrylic on canvas  |  90 x 60 cm

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Minyma Kutjara by Julie Woods

Julie Woods  |  Minyma Kutjara

Jap 018227  |  acrylic on canvas  |  90 x 60 cm

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Travelling On by Fiona Omeenyo

Fiona Omeenyo  |  Travelling On

Jap 013695  |  acrylic on canvas  |  120 x 87 cm

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Minyma Kutjara Tjukurpa by Kantjupayi Benson

Kantjupayi Benson  |  Minyma Kutjara Tjukurpa

Jap 010497  |  acrylic on canvas  |  151 x 151 cm

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Two Sisters by Rosella Namok

Rosella Namok  |  Two Sisters

Jap 017928  |  acrylic on canvas  |  92 x 64 cm

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Red

The colour red is one of the primary and essential colours of art for all of mankind. It traditionally represents blood and therefore life, as well as the earth and fire – the most lively aspects of existence. Red ochre was widely traded across the Australian continent from locations where the deepest red colours were found. Red ochre was used in ceremonies, in rock art and to decorate valued artefacts and ceremonial items. The four basic colours used and extracted from earth pigments were red, white, yellow and black.

Access to modern artist colours is the 20th century led indigenous artists to experiment and to add to the colour palette that they traditionally used. Many shades of red including the manufactured and intense bright reds were taken up by artists. This expansion in the use of red hues increased from the 1980s onwards. Many artists found that the colours of the desert, with its heat and light were well presented using the range of red colours available.

Major Pintupi artists like George Ward Tjungurrayi, Thomas Tjapaltjarri and Patrick Tjungurrayi use red to create the intricate Tingari patterns that represent aspects of their Dreamings, expressed as structures of ceremonial sites and songlines. Ronnie Tjampitjinpa and Jorna Newberry used red in a symbolic way in their Fire Dreaming paintings, while other desert artists like Yinarupa Gibson, Kudditji Kngwarreye, Rosemary Petyarre and Biddee Baadjo  use red to give extra power to their designs. Charmaine Pwerle has used red to express the Awelye Body Paint design and Jack Dale Mengenen has used red to give strength to his Wandjina spirit designs.